酷笔记 > JSON中文在线手册 > JavaScript 解析Json字符串的性能比较分析代码

我们在使用AJAX来做服务器端和客户端交互的时候,一般的做法是让服务器端返回一段json字符串,然后在客户端把它解析成JavaScript对象。

解析时用到的方法一般是eval或者new function,而目前IE8和Firefox3.1又内置了原生的JSON对象(据说会有一定的性能提升)。那我们在实际使用的时候怎样从这三种方法(因为性能问题,不考虑用javascript实现的解析)里面来选择呢?面对众多的浏览器,哪种方式的性能是最好的呢? 

一、测试方法 

1、首先指定测试次数及JSON字符串 

代码如下:
var count = 10000,
    o = null,
    i = 0,
    jsonString = '{"value":{"items": [{"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}]},"error":null}';
2、循环解析并记录时间 

eval 解析

代码如下:

var beginTime = new Date(); 
for ( i = 0; i < count; i++ ) { 
o = eval( "(" + jsonString + ")" ); 
} 
Console.output( "eval:" + ( new Date() - beginTime ) ); 

new Function 函数解析

代码如下:

var beginTime = new Date(); 
for ( i = 0; i < count; i++ ) { 
o = new Function( "return " + jsonString )(); 
} 
Console.output( "new Function:" + ( new Date() - beginTime ) ); 

native 原生解析

代码如下:

if ( typeof JSON !== "undefined" ) { 
var beginTime = new Date(); 
for ( i = 0; i < count; i++ ) { 
o = JSON.parse( jsonString ); } 
Console.output( "native:" + ( new Date() - beginTime ) ); 
} else { 
Console.output( "native:not support!" ); 
} 

二、测试对象 

选择目前主流的浏览器(不考虑Maxthon一类的外壳),包括IE6、7、8,Firefox2、3、3.1,chrome,Opera及Safari3、4。 

三、测试环境 

T9300 CPU + 4G RAM + Windows2003,其中IE8使用的是Vista的环境,IE7在另外一台工作机(2G CPU + 2G RAM + Windows2003),考虑到主要是测试浏览器客户端的性能,结果的误差应该能够接受。 

四、测试结果 

JavaScript 解析Json字符串的性能比较分析代码
*数值越小越好 

*在当前列中绿色背景的表示性能最好,红色性能最差 
1、Firefox2、3全部垫底,IE6的性能优于IE7(可能和机器不一致有关),Chrome和Safari4的性能远远超出其它浏览器。 

2、不同的浏览器下eval和new Function的性能不一致,总的来说eval更好,但Firefox下new Function的性能是eval的一倍,为了更好的兼容各个浏览器,我们把对JSON的解析单独封装成一个对象来处理: 
wrapper 

代码如下:
var __json = null;
if (typeof JSON !== "undefined") {
    __json = JSON;
}
var browser = Browser;
var JSON = {
    parse: function(text) {
        if (__json !== null) {
            return __json.parse(text);
        }
        if (browser.gecko) {
            return new Function("return " + text)();
        }
        return eval("(" + text + ")")
    }
};
var beginTime = new Date();
for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
    o = JSON.parse(jsonString);
}
Console.output("wrapper:" + (new Date() - beginTime));

加入Wrapper后的结果: 

JavaScript 解析Json字符串的性能比较分析代码

由于涉及到调用对象的开销,封装后JSON对象会比单独调用更慢,但它能保证在各个浏览器下使用最适合的方法。 


五、结论 

解析Json字符串时,不同的浏览器选择不同的方法: 

IE6、7使用eval 
IE8使用原生的JSON对象 
Firefox2、3使用new Function 
Safari4使用eval 
其它浏览器下eval和new Function的性能基本一致 

Update: 

2009.03.23:屏蔽所有Firefox的Add-Ons再进行测试 
由于Known在Firefox下运行代码得到了完全不一致的结果,怀疑是Firefox的插件导致,于是禁掉所有插件后(后来表明几乎由Firebug导致),重新在Firefox2、3下测试了一下,结果如下: 

JavaScript 解析Json字符串的性能比较分析代码

这表明Firefox本身的性能并不是象我们先前测试的那样低,在去掉插件后性能还是很不错。但是没有Firebug一类的插件支持,Firefox对我们的吸引力也大大降低了。 

2009.03.31:循环中每次使用新的json字符串 
根据Oliver的描述,他猜测是由于Safari4和Chrome缓存了eval的结果从而导致它们的测试成绩“虚”高,测试结果证明了他的推测: 

JavaScript 解析Json字符串的性能比较分析代码

从这个结果中我们可以看到,Opera的性能最好,Ie8其次。 

主要修改的代码: 

代码如下:
//eval 2: var beginTime = new Date(); 
for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
    o = eval("(" + '{"value":{"items": [{"x":' + i + ',"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}]},"error":null}' + ")");
}
Console.output("eval:" + (new Date() - beginTime));
//new Function 
beginTime = new Date();
for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
    o = new Function("return " + '{"value":{"items": [{"x":' + i + ',"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}]},"error":null}')();
}
Console.output("new Function:" + (new Date() - beginTime));
//native 
if (typeof JSON !== "undefined") {
    beginTime = new Date();
    for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
        o = JSON.parse('{"value":{"items": [{"x":' + i + ',"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}]},"error":null}');
    }
    Console.output("native:" + (new Date() - beginTime));
} else {
    Console.output("native:not support!");
}
//wrapper 
var __json = null;
if (typeof JSON !== "undefined") {
    __json = JSON;
}
var browser = Browser;
var JSON = {
    parse: function(text) {
        if (__json !== null) {
            return __json.parse(text);
        }
        if (browser.gecko) {
            return new Function("return " + text)();
        }
        return eval("(" + text + ")")
    }
};
beginTime = new Date();
for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
    o = JSON.parse('{"value":{"items": [{"x":' + i + ',"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}]},"error":null}');
}
Console.output("wrapper:" + (new Date() - beginTime));

附:全部代码
代码如下:
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "Http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd"> 
<html> 
<head> 
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /> 
<title>Parse JsonString</title> 
</head> 
<body> 
<div id="consoleRegion"></div> 
<script type="text/javascript"> 
//yui 
var Browser = function() { 
var o = { 
ie: 0, 
opera: 0, 
gecko: 0, 
webkit: 0 
}; 
var ua = navigator.userAgent, m; 
if ( ( /KHTML/ ).test( ua ) ) { 
o.webkit = 1; 
} 
// Modern WebKit browsers are at least X-Grade 
m = ua.match(/AppleWebKit\/([^\s]*)/); 
if (m&&m[1]) { 
o.webkit=parseFloat(m[1]); 
} 
if (!o.webkit) { // not webkit 
// @todo check Opera/8.01 (J2ME/MIDP; Opera Mini/2.0.4509/1316; fi; U; ssr) 
m=ua.match(/Opera[\s\/]([^\s]*)/); 
if (m&&m[1]) { 
o.opera=parseFloat(m[1]); 
} else { // not opera or webkit 
m=ua.match(/MSIE\s([^;]*)/); 
if (m&&m[1]) { 
o.ie=parseFloat(m[1]); 
} else { // not opera, webkit, or ie 
m=ua.match(/Gecko\/([^\s]*)/); 
if (m) { 
o.gecko=1; // Gecko detected, look for revision 
m=ua.match(/rv:([^\s\)]*)/); 
if (m&&m[1]) { 
o.gecko=parseFloat(m[1]); 
} 
} 
} 
} 
} 
return o; 
}(); 
var Console = { 
consoleRegion: null, 
getRegion: function() { 
if ( this.consoleRegion === null ) { 
this.consoleRegion = document.getElementById( "consoleRegion" ); 
} 
return this.consoleRegion; 
}, 
output: function( text ) { 
this.getRegion().innerHTML += "<br/>" + text; 
} 
}; 
//test code 
var count = 10000, o = null, i = 0, jsonString = '{"value":{"items": [{"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}, {"x":1,"y":2,"z":3}]},"error":null}'; 
//eval 
var beginTime = new Date(); 
for ( i = 0; i < count; i++ ) { 
o = eval( "(" + jsonString + ")" ); 
} 
Console.output( "eval:" + ( new Date() - beginTime ) ); 
//new Function 
beginTime = new Date(); 
for ( i = 0; i < count; i++ ) { 
o = new Function( "return " + jsonString )(); 
} 
Console.output( "new Function:" + ( new Date() - beginTime ) ); 
//native 
if ( typeof JSON !== "undefined" ) { 
beginTime = new Date(); 
for ( i = 0; i < count; i++ ) { 
o = JSON.parse( jsonString ); 
} 
Console.output( "native:" + ( new Date() - beginTime ) ); 
} else { 
Console.output( "native:not support!" ); 
} 
//wrapper 
var __json = null; 
if ( typeof JSON !== "undefined" ) { 
__json = JSON; 
} 
var browser = Browser; 
var JSON = { 
parse: function( text ) { 
if ( __json !== null ) { 
return __json.parse( text ); 
} 
if ( browser.gecko ) { 
return new Function( "return " + text )(); 
} 
return eval( "(" + text + ")" ) 
} 
}; 
beginTime = new Date(); 
for ( i = 0; i < count; i++ ) { 
o = JSON.parse( jsonString ); 
} 
Console.output( "wrapper:" + ( new Date() - beginTime ) ); 
//alert( o.value.items[0].z ); 
</script> 
</body> 
</html> 

JavaScript解析json字符串代码:

代码一  一个 Servlet
[java] view plain copy 在CODE上查看代码片派生到我的代码片
package com.ghj.servlet;  
  
import java.io.IOException;  
import java.io.PrintWriter;  
import java.util.ArrayList;  
import java.util.HashMap;  
import java.util.List;  
import java.util.Map;  
  
import javax.servlet.ServletException;  
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;  
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;  
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;  
  
import com.google.gson.Gson;  
  
public class JsonServlet extends HttpServlet {  
  
    private static final long serialVersionUID = -699926309344319475L;  
  
    public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {  
        doPost(request, response);  
    }  
      
    public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {  
  
        response.setContentType("text/json;charset=utf-8");  
        PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();  
        Map<String, List<String>> dataMap = new HashMap<String, List<String>>();  
        List<String > gradeList = new ArrayList<String>();//年级  
        gradeList.add("初中一年级");  
        gradeList.add("初中二年级");  
        gradeList.add("初中三年级");  
        dataMap.put("gradeList", gradeList);  
          
        List<String> courseList = new ArrayList<String>();//课程  
        courseList.add("语文");  
        courseList.add("数学");  
        courseList.add("物理");  
        dataMap.put("courseList", courseList);  
        out.write(new Gson().toJson(dataMap));  
        out.flush();  
        out.close();  
    }  
}  
说明:这里使用了gson-2.2.2.jar包


代码二  一个jsp

[html] view plain copy 在CODE上查看代码片派生到我的代码片
<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>  
<%  
    String basePath = request.getScheme() + "://" + request.getServerName() + ":" + request.getServerPort() + request.getContextPath() + "/";  
%>  
  
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">  
<html>  
    <head>  
        <title>首页</title>  
        <script type="text/javascript" src="<%=basePath%>js/jquery-1.7.2.js"></script>  
        <script type="text/javascript">  
            $(function(){  
                $("#json").click(function(){  
                    $.ajax({  
                        type: "POST",  
                        url: "<%=basePath%>JsonServlet",  
                        success: function(data){  
                            var grades = data.gradeList;  
                            for(var index in grades){//年级  
                                console.log(grades[index]);  
                            }  
                            var courses = data.courseList;  
                            for(var index in courses){//课程  
                                console.log(courses[index]);  
                            }  
                        },  
                        error:function(){  
                            alert("数据请求失败!");  
                        }  
                    });  
                });  
            });  
        </script>  
    </head>  
  
    <body>  
        <button id="json">JavaScript解析JSON字符串</button>  
    </body>  
</html>